Evolution of Intel Processor since 19th Century

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Intel is the masterpiece in computer processor world. Intel Corporation founded on 18 July 1968. The most successful processors from Intel since 1993 are listed with rare unseen pictures. I do collected interesting unknown information about each processor. Hope you enjoy this post.

Original Pentium Processors

Year of release: 1993

CPU speed: 66MHz, 75MHz, 90MHz, 100MH up to 200MHz.

Socket: 273 pin PGA (Pin Grid Array)

Manufacturing technology: 0.8µ

Remarks: In 1993 this is the first processor capable of executing 112 million commands per second. This made easy for computers to process real world data such as sound, speech and photo images.

Intel Original Pentium Processor
Original Pentium Processor

Pentium Pro Processors

Year of release: 1995

CPU speed: 166MHz, 180MHz and 200MHz

Socket: 387 pin PGA (Pin Grid Array)

Manufacturing technology: 0.6µ

Remarks: Primarily used for servers

Intel Pentium Pro Processor
Intel Pentium Pro Processor

Pentium MMX Processor

Year of release: 1997

CPU speed: 233, 266, 300, 333, 450 MHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.35µ

Socket: 296/321 pin PGA processor package.

Remarks: Support Intel MMX technology.

Pentium MMX Processor
Pentium MMX Processor

Celeron (Pentium II based) Processor

Year of release: 1998

CPU speed: 266, 300 MHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.25µ

Socket: 242 pin slot 1 single edge processor package (SEPP)

Celeron Processor SEPP
Celeron Processor (PII)

Pentium III and Pentium III Xeon Processor

Year of release: 1999

CPU speed: 500, 533, 600, 733, 800 MHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.18µ

Socket: 242 pin slot 1 single edge contact cartridge 2 (SECC2)

Remarks: Improved version of PII processor. Supports Streaming SIMD Extensions (SSE) instruction set.  SSE is the extension to x86 architecture. Introduced low power consumption in idle state technology.

Pentium III Slot Type Processor
Pentium III Slot Type Processor

Pentium 4 Processor

Year of release: 2000

CPU speed: 1.5, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.4 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.18µ

Socket: PGA 478, PGA 423 (Pin Grid Array)

Remarks: Used in desktop and entry level workstation systems

Pentium4 PGA Processor
Pentium4 PGA Processor

Intel Xeon Processor

Year of release: 2001

CPU speed: 1.4, 1.5, 1.7 and up to 3.6 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.18µ

Socket: OLGA 603 (Organic Land Grid Array)

Remarks: Used in high performance servers & workstations. Named as “Xeon” (not “Pentium Xeon”).

Xeon Processor OLGA
Xeon Processor OLGA

Intel Pentium M Processor

Year of release: 2003

CPU speed: 1.7, 1.8, 2.0 and up to 2.26 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.09µ (90nm) uses Nano technology

Socket: Micro-FCPGA and Micro-FCBGA (Flip-chip Ball Grid Array)

Remarks: Intel Centrino technology used. Intel Pro/wireless and network connection are the components of Centrino technology. Centrino technology specifically designed for portable computer such as Laptop.

Micro-FCBGA

Penium M FCBGA Processor
Penium M FCBGA Processor

Micro-FCPGA

Celeron FCPGA Processor
Celeron FCPGA Processor

Intel Itanium 2 Processor (Single core)

Year of release: 2002

CPU speed:  1 GHz up to 1.6 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.13µ

Socket:  PAC611 (Pin Array Cartridge)

Remarks: New instruction set. Architecture is based on Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing (EPIC). Designed for high end enterprise-class servers.

Intel Itanium 2 Processor
Intel Itanium 2 Processor

Intel Pentium D processor

Year of release: 2005

CPU speed: 2.6 and up to 3.2 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.065µ (65nm)

Socket:  LGA 775 (Land Grid Array) also known as “socket T”

Remarks: Dual core technology introduced. First desktop dual core processor. Each core runs at same speed.

Intel Pentium D Processor
Intel Pentium D Processor

Intel Core 2 Duo and Dual-core Xeon Processor

Year of release: 2006

CPU speed: 1.8 and up to 2.93 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.065µ (65nm)

Socket:  LGA 775 (Land Grid Array) also known as “socket T”

Remarks: Desktop and server processors with dual cores. Hyper threading, Intel VT-x, multiple OS support, SSSE3 SIMD instructions and Intel TXT (Trusted Execution Technology).

Intel C2D Processor bottom
Intel C2D Processor bottom
Intel C2D Processor top
Intel C2D Processor top

 

Intel Itanium 2 Processor 9000 series (Dual core)

Year of release: 2006

CPU speed: 1.6 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 0.09µ (90nm)

Socket:  FC-LGA6 (LGA1248)

Remarks: Itanium processor with two cores. Performance has been doubled compare to previous version.

Intel Itanium_2 9000series
Intel Itanium_2 9000series Processor

Quad core Intel Processors

Year of release: 2006 (Quad core Intel Core 2 Extreme and Quad core Intel Xeon Processors)

Year of release: 2007 (Core 2 Quad processor)

CPU speed: 2.66 GHz up to 3.2 GHz

Manufacturing technology: 65nm and 45nm

Socket:  LGA 775 (Land Grid Array)

Remarks: 64 bit microarchitecture. These quad core processors were delivered fifty percent higher performance compare to dual core processors. New SSE4 instruction set for improved video, imaging and 3D content.

Intel Core i7 Processors

Year of release: 2008

CPU speed: 2.66GHz up to 3.20GHz (Turbo boost)

Manufacturing technology: 45nm

Socket:  LGA1366

Remarks: 3-channel DDR3 RAM support. Integrated HD GPU. 4 physical cores. Front side bus replaced with QuickPath.

Intel Core i7 Processor
Intel Core i7 Processor

Intel Core i5 Processors

Year of release: 2009

CPU speed: 2.40GHz up to 3.60GHz (Hyper-Threading Turbo boost)

Manufacturing technology: 32nm

Socket:  LGA1156

Remarks: 2-channel DDR3 RAM support. Integrated HD GPU. 4 physical cores.

Intel Core i5 Processor
Intel Core i5 Processor

 

Intel Core i3 Processor

Year of release: Jan, 2010

CPU speed: 2.93GHz up to 3.33GHz

Manufacturing technology: 32nm

Socket:  LGA1156

Remarks: 2-channel DDR3 RAM support. Integrated HD GPU. 2 physical cores and 4 threads.

Intel Pentium Processors

Year of release: Jan, 2010

CPU speed: 2.8GHz and 2.93GHz

Manufacturing technology: 32nm

Socket:  LGA1156

Remarks: 2-channel DDR3 RAM support. Integrated HD GPU. 2 physical cores and 4 threads.

Intel Pentium Processor
Intel Pentium Processor

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